Installment #29 of the History of Rock and Roll. This week music of The Who, Led Zeppelin, Iron Butterfly and Deep Purple.
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968. The group consisted of guitarist Jimmy Page, singer Robert Plant, bassist and keyboardist John Paul Jones, and drummer John Bonham. The band’s heavy, guitar-driven sound, rooted in blues and psychedelia on their early albums, has earned them recognition as one of the progenitors of heavy metal, though their unique style drew from a wide variety of influences, including folk music.
After changing their name from the New Yardbirds, Led Zeppelin signed a deal with Atlantic Records that afforded them considerable artistic freedom. Although the group was initially unpopular with critics, they achieved significant commercial success with albums such as Led Zeppelin (1969), Led Zeppelin II (1969), Led Zeppelin III (1970), Led Zeppelin IV (1971), Houses of the Holy (1973), and Physical Graffiti (1975). Their fourth album, which features the track “Stairway to Heaven”, is among the most popular and influential works in rock music, and it helped to secure the group’s popularity.
Page wrote most of Led Zeppelin’s music, particularly early in their career, while Plant generally supplied the lyrics. Jones’ keyboard-based compositions later became central to the group’s catalogue, which featured increasing experimentation. The latter half of their career saw a series of record-breaking tours that earned the group a reputation for excess and debauchery. Although they remained commercially and critically successful, their output and touring schedule were limited during the late 1970s, and the group disbanded following Bonham’s death from alcohol-related asphyxia in 1980. In the decades that followed, the surviving members sporadically collaborated and participated in one-off Led Zeppelin reunions. The most successful of these was the 2007 Ahmet Ertegun Tribute Concert in London, with Jason Bonham taking his late father’s place behind the drums.
Led Zeppelin are widely considered one of the most successful, innovative, and influential rock groups in history. They are one of the best-selling music artists in the history of audio recording; various sources estimate the group’s record sales at 200 to 300 million units worldwide. With RIAA-certified sales of 111.5 million units, they are the second-best-selling band in the US. Each of their nine studio albums placed in the top 10 of the Billboard album chart and six reached the number-one spot. They achieved eight consecutive UK number-one albums. Rolling Stone magazine described them as “the heaviest band of all time”, “the biggest band of the Seventies”, and “unquestionably one of the most enduring bands in rock history”. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995; the museum’s biography of the band states that they were “as influential” during the 1970s as the Beatles were during the 1960s. – Wikipedia
“Great Soul Performances” this evening will have a very diverse playlist. Since Thursday is Thanksgiving Day, all of our music will reflect “Thanks,” “Thank You,” “Thankful,” and even “Thanksgiving.” You’ll be hearing from: Boz II Men, Abba, Enchantment, Alanis Morissette, Sly & the Family Stone, Led Zeppelin, Bob Marley, Brook Benton, Wayne Newton, Natalie Cole, Adam Sandler, Earth, Wind & Fire, Shania Twain and many others. The “Thankful” fun begins at 7PM ET, 6PM CT, 5PM MT and 4PM PT. Make sure you bring me some egg nog and cranberry sauce when drop by to check out “Great Soul Performances” later today on the “Home of the Hits,” RadioMaxMusic.Com.
It’s Seventies Prom Night tonight at 7:00 pm ET. Tonight we’ll feature tunes popular on Prom Night throughout the Seventies. You’ll hear Bob Welch, Captain and Tennille, The Raspberries, Led Zeppelin, Bachmann Turner Overdrive, Peaches and Herb, ABBA, Billy Joel, Chicago, ELO, Grand Funk Railroad, Jim Croce, Eric Clapton, Bread, Heatwave, Player, Thin Lizzy and so much more.
Physical Graffiti is the sixth studio album by the English rock band Led Zeppelin, released on 24 February 1975 as a double album. Recording sessions for the album were initially disrupted when bassist/keyboardist John Paul Jones considered leaving the band. After reuniting at Headley Grange, the band wrote and recorded eight songs, the combined length of which stretched the album beyond the typical length of an LP. This prompted the band to make Physical Graffiti a double album by including previously unreleased tracks from earlier recording sessions.
Physical Graffiti was commercially and critically successful; the album went 16x platinum in the US in 2006, signifying shipments of eight million copies. (Source: Wikipedia)
1. “Custard Pie” 4:13
2. “The Rover” 5:37
3. “In My Time of Dying” (John Bonham, John Paul Jones, Page, and Plant) 11:04
4. “Houses of the Holy” 4:02
5. “Trampled Under Foot” (Jones, Page, and Plant) 5:37
6. “Kashmir” (Bonham, Page, and Plant) 8:32
7. “In the Light” (Jones, Page, and Plant) 8:46
8. “Bron-Yr-Aur” (Page) 2:06
9. “Down by the Seaside” 5:13
10. “Ten Years Gone” 6:32
11. “Night Flight” (Jones, Page, and Plant) 3:36
12. “The Wanton Song” 4:10
13. “Boogie with Stu” (Bonham, Jones, Page, Plant, Ian Stewart, and Mrs. Valens) 3:53
14. “Black Country Woman” 4:24
15. “Sick Again” 4:42
John Bonham – drums, percussion
John Paul Jones – bass guitar, organ, acoustic and electric piano, mellotron, guitar, mandolin, VCS3 synthesiser, Hohner clavinet, Hammond organ, string arrangement
Jimmy Page – electric, acoustic, lap steel and slide guitar, mandolin, production
Robert Plant – lead vocals, harmonica, acoustic guitar on “Boogie with Stu”
George Chkiantz – engineering
Peter Corriston – artwork, design, cover design
Barry Diament – mastering (original CD release)
Mike Doud – artwork, design, cover design
Elliot Erwitt – photography
B. P. Fallon – photography
Peter Grant – producer, executive producer
Roy Harper – photography
Keith Harwood – engineering, mixing
Dave Heffernan – illustrations
Andy Johns – engineering
Eddie Kramer – engineering, mixing
George Marino – remastered CD release
Ron Nevison – engineering
Ian Stewart – piano on “Boogie with Stu
January 1 – The newest music video channel, VH-1, begins broadcasting on American cable. It is aimed at an older demographic than its sister station, MTV. The first video played is Marvin Gaye‘s rendition of “The Star-Spangled Banner“.
January 11 – One of the biggest music festivals in the world begins in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the Rock in Rio, had a public of 1.5 million people at all, including artists like Iron Maiden, Nina Hagen, The B52’s, Go Go’s, Queen, Rod Stewart, James Taylor, AC/DC, and many more. National artists such as Gilberto Gil, Elba Ramalho, Barão Vermelho and Paralamas do Sucesso also perform.
Willie Dixon sues Led Zeppelin over the song “Whole Lotta Love”, on the grounds that it contains too many similarities to his own song “You Need Love”. The lawsuit is settled out of court.
January 28 – Various artists, under the group name USA For Africa, including Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Billy Joel, Cyndi Lauper, Steve Perry, Kenny Loggins, Willie Nelson, Lionel Richie, Smokey Robinson, Kenny Rogers, Diana Ross, Paul Simon, Bruce Springsteen, Huey Lewis, Tina Turner, Sheila E., Harry Belafonte, Lindsey Buckingham, Kim Carnes, Dionne Warwick, Waylon Jennings, Bob Geldof and Stevie Wonder, record the song “We Are the World”.
February 22 – The “One Night with Blue Note” concert, celebrating the relaunch of Blue Note Records and featuring over 30 jazz greats, is held at The Town Hall in New York. Freddie Hubbard, Herbie Hancock, Jack DeJohnette, McCoy Tyner and Grover Washington, Jr. are just a few of the performers.
March 27 – The South African Broadcasting Corporation bans Stevie Wonder’s music in response to Wonder dedicating the Oscar he had won the night before to Nelson Mandela.
March 28 – A wax likeness of Michael Jackson is unveiled at Madame Tussaud’s in London, UK.
April 1 – After months of squabbling, David Lee Roth leaves Van Halen to begin a solo career.
April 7 – Wham! becomes the first Western pop group to perform in China when they play a concert in Beijing’s Workers Stadium during an historic 10-day visit.
April 10 – Madonna begins her very first tour, The Virgin Tour (named after her Like a Virgin album) in Seattle, Washington, USA.
May – Russian singer Valery Leontiev starts his 10-date tour “Alone with all” and it become an instant hit. Queues for tickets blocked the traffic on a few central streets of Leningrad.
May 4 – With “La det swinge” by Bobbysocks!, Norway scores its first win at the Eurovision Song Contest, in Gothenburg, Sweden.
June 11 – Madonna ends The Virgin Tour at Madison Square Garden in New York, USA.
July 13 – The Live Aid concert takes place in Wembley Stadium, London, UK and Philadelphia, USA. The headlining acts at the latter venue included a Led Zeppelin reunion, the first since their 1980 disbandment.
August 16 – On her 27th birthday, Madonna marries actor Sean Penn. (They divorce on September 14, 1989.)
September 6 – Michael Jackson purchases the publishing rights for most of the Beatles’ music for $47 million, much to the dismay of Paul McCartney, whom he is bidding against.
September 19 – The Parents Music Resource Center‘s (P.M.R.C.) United States Senate hearing on rock censorship begin in Washington, D.C. Heavy metal singer Dee Snider of Twisted Sister, rock star Frank Zappa and country singer John Denver testify against the P.M.R.C.
September 22 – The Farm Aid concert is held in Champaign, Illinois, USA.
September 22 – Massimo Bogianckino, general manager of the Paris Opera and former head of both the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino and La Scala, is elected mayor of Florence.
November 16 – John Farnham, formerly a teen idol in Australia (as Johnny Farnham), revives his recording career when his hit, “You’re the Voice” goes to the top of the charts at #1 for seven weeks and his album Whispering Jack goes to the top of the Albums charts at #1 for a record-breaking 25 weeks.
December 5 – The first fully digital reggae single, Wayne Smith’s “(Under Me) Sleng Teng”, is recorded at Prince Jammy’s studio; it is the beginning of ragga style reggae.
December 23 – Two young fans of Judas Priest in Sparks, Nevada shoot themselves, one fatally, after listening to the band’s records. A lawsuit is brought against the group in 1986 claiming that they were compelled by backwards subliminal messages hidden in their music.
December 31 – The fourteenth annual New Year’s Rockin’ Eve special is aired on ABC television, with appearances by Four Tops, The Judds, Barry Manilow, The Motels, Tears for Fears and The Temptations.
Also in 1985
Several hundreds of thousands of US dollars in publishing royalties are released to the surviving members, and families of the deceased members, of the British music group, Badfinger. Two band members, Pete Ham and Tom Evans, previously committed suicide due to financial problems. Metal Edge magazine is launched. (Source: Wikipedia)