Cream were a British rock band formed in London in 1966. The group consisted of bassist Jack Bruce, guitarist Eric Clapton, and drummer Ginger Baker. All three members sang lead and backing vocals. The group’s third album, Wheels of Fire (1968), is the world’s first platinum-selling double album. Formed from members of previously successful bands, they are widely regarded as the world’s first supergroup. In their career, they sold more than 15 million records worldwide. Their music spanned many genres of rock music, including blues rock (“Crossroads”, “Born Under a Bad Sign”), psychedelic rock (“Strange Brew”, “White Room”), and hard rock (“Sunshine of Your Love”, “SWLABR”).
The band made a significant impact on the popular music of the time, and, along with Jimi Hendrix and other notable guitarists and bands, popularised the use of the wah-wah pedal. They provided a heavy yet technically proficient musical theme that foreshadowed and influenced the emergence of British bands such as Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple and Black Sabbath in the late 1960s and the early 1970s. They also influenced American southern rock groups the Allman Brothers Band and Lynyrd Skynyrd. The band’s live performances influenced progressive rock acts such as Rush.
Cream were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993. They were included in both Rolling Stone and VH1’s lists of the “100 Greatest Artists of All Time”, at number 67 and 61 respectively. They were also ranked number 16 on VH1’s “100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock”.
In an interview with BBC 6 Music in April 2010, Bruce confirmed that there would be no more Cream shows: “Cream is over.” Bruce died on October 25, 2014 and Baker died on October 6, 2019, leaving Clapton as the last surviving member.