Monday 7pm: Max 20th Century – 1961 (Part I)

January 15 – Motown Records signs The Supremes.
January 20 – Francis Poulenc’s Gloria receives its premiėre in Boston, USA.
February 12 – The Miracles’ “Shop Around” becomes Motown’s first million-selling single.
February 13 – Frank Sinatra forms his own record label, Reprise Records, which will later release recordings by The Beach Boys, Ella Fitzgerald, The Kinks and Jimi Hendrix.
February 14 – The Platters file a lawsuit against Mercury Records for breach of contract after the record company refuses to accept recordings on which Tony Williams does not sing lead. The group’s lawsuit contends that their contract does not require Williams to sing lead.
March 21 – The Beatles perform at the Cavern Club in Liverpool for the first time.
March 25 – Elvis Presley performs a benefit show at the Block Arena in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The show raises $62,000 for the U.S.S. Arizona Memorial fund.
April 17 – Dalida and Charles Aznavour receive Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards for Best Song.
April 23 – Judy Garland’s concert at Carnegie Hall.
April 29 – Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti makes his operatic debut as Rodolfo in La Bohème at the Teatro Municipale (Reggio Emilia).
May 1 – The Pulitzer Prize for Music is awarded to Walter Piston for his Symphony No. 7.
June 14 – Patsy Cline is hospitalized as a result of a head-on car collision. While she is in hospital, the song “I Fall to Pieces” becomes a big Country/Pop crossover hit for her.
June 25 – The Bill Evans Trio completes a two-week stay at The Village Vanguard in New York. It is the last time this trio will play before virtuoso bassist Scott LaFaro’s death 10 days later. The five sets they play on the 25th are recorded, resulting in two albums, Sunday at the Village Vanguard and Waltz for Debby.
July 1 – French composer Olivier Messiaen marries pianist Yvonne Loriod privately in Paris.
July 17 – Billboard magazine first publishes an “Easy Listening” chart, listing songs that the magazine determines are not rock & roll records. The first #1 song on this chart is “The Boll Weevil Song” by Brook Benton. This chart will be renamed a number of times, becoming the Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks chart.
October – John Cage’s book Silence: Lectures and Writings is published in the United States.
October 17 – Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, later of The Rolling Stones, first meet at Dartford railway station in Kent, England.
December 8 – The Beach Boys release their debut 45rpm single: Surfin’/Luau on the small California label Candix Records.
December 9 – The Beatles play their first gig in the south of England, at Aldershot. Due to an advertising failure, only 18 people turn up. In the early hours of the following morning they play an impromptu set at a London club.
William Alwyn sets up home with fellow-composer Doreen Carwithen, his former pupil, at Blythburgh in England.
The Leeds International Pianoforte Competition is founded in the north of England by Marion, Countess of Harewood and Fanny Waterman.
Bob Seger’s musical career begins.
Indian tabla player Keshav Sathe and sitar player Bhaskar Chandavarkar perform with Larry Adler.
The Country Music Association (CMA) creates the Country Music Hall of Fame and inducts, Jimmie Rodgers, Fred Rose and Hank Williams as the first three members.
The score of Haydn’s Cello Concerto No. 1 is discovered by musicologist Oldřich Pulkert in the Prague National Museum.

Monday 9pm: Max 20th Century 1960

January – Stuart Sutcliffe joins the Liverpool band Johnny and the Moondogs and suggests they change their name to the Beatles; after several variations this settles on The Beatles in August.
January 14 – Elvis Presley is promoted to Sergeant in the United States Army.
January 25 – The National Association of Broadcasters in the United States reacts to the payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys accepting money for playing particular records.
February 6 – Songwriter Jesse Belvin dies in an automobile accident in Los Angeles; he is co-author of “Earth Angel”, The Penguins’ classic from 1954.
February 23 – United States Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps formed.
March 5 – Elvis Presley returns home from serving in the U.S. Army in Germany, having stopped off on March 2 at Glasgow Prestwick Airport, his only time in the U.K.
March 29 – The 5th Eurovision Song Contest, held at the Royal Festival Hall, London, is won by France with the song “Tom Pillibi”, sung by Jacqueline Boyer.
Spring – “Skokiaan” by Bill Haley & His Comets becomes the band’s final single to make it onto the American sales charts (with the exception of a 1974 reissue of “Rock Around the Clock”).
April 1 – Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis Jr., Elvis Presley, Dean Martin and Mitch Miller film Sinatra’s Timex Special for ABC at Miami, Florida’s Fountainbleu Hotel.
April 2 – The National Association of Recording Merchandisers presents its first annual awards in Las Vegas, Nevada.
April 4 – RCA Victor Records announces that it will release all pop singles in mono and stereo simultaneously, the first record company to do so. Elvis Presley’s single “Stuck on You” is RCA’s first mono/stereo release.
April 17 – Eddie Cochran, Gene Vincent and Cochran’s girlfriend Sharon Sheeley are injured in a car accident near Chippenham in England. Cochran dies in a hospital in Bath, Somerset, from severe brain injuries.
April 20 – Elvis Presley returns to Hollywood for the first time since coming home from Germany to film G.I. Blues.
May 2 – The Drifters’ Ben E. King leaves the group and signs a solo record contract with ATCO Records.
May 20–28 – The Beatles, as the Silver Beetles (uncredited), play their first ever tour, as a backing group for Johnny Gentle on a tour of Scotland. The lineup comprises John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Stuart Sutcliffe and Tommy Moore.
June 30 – Opening of Lionel Bart’s Oliver! in London’s West End.
July – The Shadows’ instrumental Apache is released in the U.K.
August 17 – The Beatles make their debut under this name in Hamburg, Germany, beginning a 48-night residency at the Indra club. The band at the time comprises John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Stu Sutcliffe on bass and Pete Best on drums.
August 27 – Last radio broadcast of Louisiana Hayride.
October – Dion DiMucci splits from Dion and The Belmonts.
October 16 – A single concert at the Donaueschingen Festival premieres Penderecki’s Anaklasis and Messiaen’s Chronochromie.
November 13 – Sammy Davis, Jr. marries May Britt.
December – Édith Piaf’s recording of “Non, je ne regrette rien” is released in France.

Monday 7pm: MaxMusic 20th Century – 1959

1959 Music News
January 5 – The first sessions for Ella Fitzgerald’s George and Ira Gershwin Songbook are held.
January 12 – Tamla Records is founded by Berry Gordy Jr. in Detroit, Michigan.
January 22 – Buddy Holly records some acoustic demos in his New York City apartment, the last songs he recorded. Songs included “Peggy Sue Got Married”, “Crying, Waiting, Hoping”, “Learning the Game”, “What to Do”, “That’s What They Say”, and “That Makes It Tough.”
February 3 – “The Day the Music Died”: Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper are killed in a plane crash in Iowa. Future country star Waylon Jennings was scheduled to be on the plane, but instead gave his seat up to The Big Bopper.
March 2 – April 22 – The recording sessions for the extremely influential Miles Davis jazz album Kind of Blue take place at the CBS 30th Street Studio in New York City. The album is released on August 17 in the United States.
March 11 – The 4th Eurovision Song Contest is held in Cannes, France, and won by the Netherlands with the song “Een beetje” performed by Teddy Scholten.
April 3 – The BBC bans the Coasters song “Charlie Brown” because of the word “spitball”, a decision it reverses later in the month.
April 24 – The Your Hit Parade television series airs its last episode
September 13 – Bo Diddley’s single “Say Man” enters the US R&B charts.
Fall – Bill Haley & His Comets end their groundbreaking association with Decca Records, for whom they had recorded since 1954. Their first recording for the label, “Rock Around the Clock”, helped usher in the rock and roll era. Haley signs with Warner Bros. Records.
Joan Baez performs at the first Newport Folk Festival as a surprise guest and becomes an underground favorite
Otto Luening and Vladimir Ussachevsky co-found the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center in New York City.
The National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences sponsors the first Grammy Award ceremony for music recorded in 1958.
Dalida receives a Music Oscar for Best Song and a first foreign award (a “Golden Lion” in Berlin).
Jacques Loussier forms the Play Bach Trio with bassist Pierre Michelot and percussionist Christian Garros.
Ornette Coleman plays a legendary and controversial concert at New York’s Five Spot.
Roy Orbison signs with Monument Records.
The Supremes are founded as a quartet (“The Primettes”).
Jimi Hendrix buys his first electric guitar: a White Single pickup Supro Ozark 1560 S.
Veteran sarodiya and multi-instrumentalist Allauddin Khan records for All India Radio.
Jilin opera is developed in China.

Monday 7pm: Max 20th Century 1958

This week we feature the music of 1958.

March 12 – Billie Holiday is given a year’s probation by a Philadelphia court following her arrest and guilty plea on narcotics possession charges in 1956.

In Hilversum, Netherlands, “Dors, mon amour” sung by André Claveau (music by Pierre Delanoë, text by Hubert Giraud) wins the third annual Eurovision Song Contest for France. Domenico Modugno places third for Italy with “Nel blu, dipinto di blu” which, retitled “Volare”, will reach No. 1 in the US Billboard Hot 100, and will win two Grammy Awards next year for Record of the Year and Song of the Year for 1958.

March 24 – Elvis Presley enters the U.S. Army.

August 4 – Billboard magazine launches its “Hot 100” singles chart, with Ricky Nelson’s “Poor Little Fool” as the #1 record.

September 24 – Marvin Gaye begins recording with his first group.

Otis Williams & the Distants begin their musical career. They will later join with The Primes and become The Temptations.

Phil Spector begins his recording career.

Dalida receives the Music Hall “Bravos” along with Yves Montand.

RCA introduces its first stereo LPs.

The major record labels begin to cease production of 78 rpm records.

Kenny Rogers signs his first recording contract with a major record label and makes his first national TV performance on American Bandstand.

Fred Foster opens Monument Records in Hendersonville, Tennessee.

Bob Bogle and Don Wilson founds the surf instrumental group The Ventures.

The Country Music Association (CMA) is founded as the first trade association dedicated to a single music genre.

Monday 7pm: Max 20th Century – 1956

Today we feature the music of 1956

January 26 – Buddy Holly’s first recording sessions for Decca Records take place in Nashville, Tennessee. Roy Orbison signs with Sun Records.
January 27 – Elvis Presley’s single “Heartbreak Hotel” / “I Was the One” is released. It goes on to be Elvis’s first #1 hit.
January 28 – Elvis Presley makes his national television debut on The Dorsey Brothers Stage Show.
March – The Coasters’ recording career begins, with “Turtle Dovin'”.
March 10 – Carl Perkins’ single “Blue Suede Shoes” enters the R&B charts, the first time a country music artist has made it on the R&B charts.
March 22 – Carl Perkins is injured in a car accident near Wilmington, Delaware, on his way to New York City to make an appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. He spends several months in hospital.
March 24 – The first regularly scheduled nationally broadcast rock & roll show, Rock ‘n Roll Dance Party, with Alan Freed as host, premières on the CBS Radio Network.
March 26 – Colonel Tom Parker formally becomes Elvis Presley’s manager.
March 31 – Elvis Presley films a screen test for Paramount Pictures.
April 3 – Elvis Presley makes his first appearance on The Milton Berle Show.
April 6 – Paramount Pictures signs Elvis Presley to a three-picture deal.
May 2 – For the first time in Billboard magazine history, five singles appear in both the pop and R&B Top Ten charts. They are Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” (#1 pop, #6 R&B), Carl Perkins’ “Blue Suede Shoes” (#4 pop, #3 R&B), Little Richard’s “Long Tall Sally” (#9 pop, #1 R&B), the Platters’ “(You’ve Got) The Magic Touch” (#10 pop, #7 R&B) and Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers’ “Why Do Fools Fall in Love” (#7 pop, #4 R&B). Presley’s and Perkins’ singles also appeared on the country and western Top Ten chart at #1 and #2 respectively.
May 6 – Elvis Presley appears on the Milton Berle show.
In Paris, Heitor Villa-Lobos records his Bachiana Brasileira No. 9 with the strings of the Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française, for EMI.
May 24 – First-ever Eurovision Song Contest from the Kursaal Theatre, Lugano, Switzerland. Seven countries participate, each with two songs. Switzerland is declared the winner, with Lys Assia singing “Refrain”.
June 3 – Fred Diodati replaces Al Alberts as lead singer of The Four Aces.
June 5 – Elvis Presley introduces his new single, “Hound Dog”, on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
July 9 – Dick Clark hosts American Bandstand for the first time
July 22 – The first UK Albums Chart is published, in Record Mirror; Frank Sinatra’s Songs for Swingin’ Lovers! tops it for the first two weeks.
Summer – John Lennon forms a skiffle group, The Quarrymen, with friends from Quarry Bank High School in Liverpool, England, originally Eric Griffiths and Pete Shotton.
September 9 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show.
November 5 – Nat King Cole becomes the first major black performer to host a variety show on national television, when The Nat King Cole Show is broadcast.
November 28 – Yoko Ono, recently divorced from Japanese composer Toshi Ichiyanagi, marries Anthony Cox.
December 4 – Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins and Johnny Cash record together at Sun Studios in Memphis, Tennessee. The sessions are later released under the name “the Million Dollar Quartet”
December 19 – Breaking the record for the highest number of concurrent singles by a single artist, Elvis Presley holds 9 positions on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Presley would hold the record until 1964 when the Beatles hold 14 positions on the chart. Gene Vincent signs a publishing contract with Bill Lowery. Cameo-Parkway Records is formed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Kal Mann and Bernie Lowe. – Wikipedia