Wednesday 6pm: Max 20th Century – 1977 (Part V)

January 16, 2019
Editor In Chief

January – The world’s first all-in-one home computer (keyboard/screen/tape storage), the Commodore PET, is demonstrated at the Consumer Electronics Show in Chicago
January 1 – The Australian state of Queensland abolishes the inheritance tax.
January 3 – Apple Computer is incorporated.
January 6 – Record company EMI drops the controversial United Kingdom punk rock group the Sex Pistols.[1]
January 8 – Three bombs explode in Moscow within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenian separatist group.
January 9
Rock band Toto is founded by David Paich and Jeff Porcaro in Van Nuys, Los Angeles.
After having the best record in the National Football League since Al Davis took over his team in 1963, the Oakland Raiders finally won their first World Championship by beating the Minnesota Vikings 32–14 in Super Bowl XI.
January 10
Mount Nyiragongo erupts in eastern Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
Ocean Park opens in Hong Kong.
January 15 – Linjeflyg Flight 618 crashes into the Kälvesta area of Stockholm, killing all 22 on board.
January 17
Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad in Utah (the first execution after the reintroduction of the death penalty in the U.S.).
49 marines from the USS Trenton and USS Guam perished in the waters of the Barcelona harbour [1].
January 18
Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires’ disease.
Australia’s worst railway disaster at Granville, near Sydney, leaves 83 people dead.
SFR Yugoslavia Prime minister Džemal Bijedić, his wife and 6 others are killed in a plane crash in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
January 19
U.S. President Gerald Ford, on his final full day in office, pardons Iva Toguri D’Aquino (aka “Tokyo Rose”).
Snow falls in Miami (despite its ordinarily tropical climate) for the only time in its history. Snowfall has occurred farther south in the United States only on the high mountains of the state of Hawaii.
January 20 – Jimmy Carter is sworn in as the 39th President of the United States.
January 21 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter pardons Vietnam War draft evaders.
January 23 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of India calls for fresh elections to the Lok Sabha and releases all political prisoners.
January 23 – Roots begins its run on ABC.
January 24 – The Massacre of Atocha occurs during the Spanish transition to democracy.
January 26 – Katimavik is founded as a volunteer service organization for Canadian youths.
January 28 – The Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 hits Buffalo, New York, and the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario.
January 31 – The Centre Georges Pompidou is officially opened by French President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing.
February
February 2 – The Congress party of India, led by Indira Gandhi, splits with Jagjivan Ram and other senior leaders, forming Congress for Democracy. This party later merges with the Janata Party.
February 3 – In northern Japan a blizzard piled snow on rooftops, causing many to collapse, killing at least 31 people.
February 4
Fleetwood Mac’s Grammy-winning album Rumours is released in the United States.
Eleven CTA commuters are killed when an elevated train derails from the Loop in central Chicago.
February 7 – The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 24 (Viktor Gorbatko, Yury Glazkov) to dock with the Salyut 5 space station.
February 12 – Actress Christa Helm is fatally stabbed on a sidewalk in West Hollywood. The perpetrator is never identified.
February 18 – American Space Shuttle program: First test flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise mated to the Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.
February 23 – Óscar Romero becomes Archbishop of San Salvador.
February 28 – Queen Elizabeth II opens the Parliament of New Zealand.
March
March 4 – The 1977 Vrancea earthquake in the Vrancea Mountains of Romania kills 1,500.
March 5 – Formula One driver Tom Pryce dies after colliding with a track marshal at the South African Grand Prix in Kyalami.
March 8 – The Australian parliament is opened by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.
March 9 – Hanafi Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Movement members take over 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., killing 1 person and taking more than 130 hostages (the hostage situation ends 2 days later).
March 10 – The rings of Uranus are discovered.
March 12 – The Centenary Test between Australia and England begins at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
March 15 – Tenor Luciano Pavarotti and the PBS opera series Live from the Met both make their American television debuts. Pavarotti stars in a complete production of Puccini’s La Boheme.
March 18 – United States lifts ban on travel by U.S. citizens to Cambodia, Cuba, North Korea, and Vietnam.
March 19 – Results of elections to the Indian Parliament are declared. Indira Gandhi’s Congress Party is routed by the opposition parties later to form the Janata Party.
March 21 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi withdraws the state of emergency which was implemented on June 25, 1975.
March 26 – Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson.
March 27 – Tenerife disaster: A collision between KLM and Pan Am Boeing 747s at Tenerife, Canary Islands, kills 583 people. This becomes the deadliest accident in aviation history.
April
April 1 – The small market town of Hay-on-Wye declares independence from the UK, as a publicity stunt.
April 2 – Horse racing: Red Rum wins a record third Grand National at Aintree Racecourse.
April 4
Grundy, Virginia experiences a major flood that causes around $15 million in damages to 228 residential and commercial structures (to date the town is still recovering).
Southern Airways Flight 242 crashes on a highway in New Hope, Georgia, killing 72 people.
April 5 – Beginning of demonstrations in 10 cities across the U.S., the longest being the 3.5 week sit-in the San Francisco Federal Building to persuade President Jimmy Carter to implement the first Federal civil rights law for people with disabilities, Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act, without reinstituting the “separate but equal” doctrine.
April 7
German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by 2 Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light near his home in Karlsruhe. The “Ulrike Meinhof Commando” later claims responsibility.
The Toronto Blue Jays play their first game of baseball against the Chicago White Sox.
The Seattle Mariners play their first-ever game of baseball against the California Angels.

April 11: UK Silver Jubilee (25 red buses painted silver).
April 9 – Spain legalizes the Communist Party, which had been outlawed since 1939.
April 11 – London Transport’s Silver Jubilee AEC Routemaster buses are launched.
April 17 – Belgian Prime Minister Leo Tindemans’ Christian Social Party gains eight seats in the lower house in parliamentary elections.
April 21 – Residents of Dover, Massachusetts report sightings of an eerie monster.
April 22 – Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
April 24 – In northern Bangladesh, a cyclone killed 13 people and injuring about 100 others.
April 27 – The Guatemala City air disaster kills 28 people.
April 28 – A federal court in Stuttgart sentences Red Army Faction members Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, and Jan-Carl Raspe to life imprisonment.
April 30
The Cold War between Cambodia and Vietnam evolves into the Cambodian–Vietnamese War.
Led Zeppelin sets a new world record attendance for an indoor solo attraction at the Pontiac Silverdome when 76,229 persons attend a concert here on the group’s 1977 North American Tour.

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